Rhinoplasty for different nose types

This article was updated on November 12th, 2023 at 11:07 am

Different nose types require different rhinoplasty surgeries. Cosmetic and functional rhinoplasty are divided into types and your nose type is very important. Accordingly, many people who want to have rhinoplasty are wondering which type of nose they have.

The nose types of people who will undergo rhinoplasty should be determined correctly. Nose type and structure are important factors in determining the deformations in the nose.

Cosmetic and Functional Rhinoplasty

Rhinoplasty is a surgical intervention to correct the shape and functional disorders in the nose. Rhinoplasty, which has many different types, is also known as cosmetic rhinoplasty and functional rhinoplasty. So what are cosmetic and functional rhinoplasty?

What is Cosmetic Rhinoplasty?

Cosmetic rhinoplasty is a name given to surgical interventions to correct deformities in the nose. Patients who will undergo cosmetic rhinoplasty want to correct the asymmetry they complain about in their nose.

As a matter of fact, a nose that leans or points too much to the left or right, especially other features of the face, can present an undesirable symmetrical image.

Therefore, we can say that cosmetic rhinoplasty is a “familiar” type of rhinoplasty. When the patient is uncomfortable with a deformity in the nasal structure, he/she applies to the aesthetic doctor to eliminate the disorder in question. Surgical interventions to eliminate these disorders are called cosmetic rhinoplasty.

In Which Situations Should Cosmetic Rhinoplasty Be Performed?

We can list the main nasal deformities that may require cosmetic nose surgery as follows:

  • Nose asymmetry
  • Too big or too small nose structure
  • Arched nose
  • Excessively wide nostrils
  • Low nose tip
  • Nose curvature
  • Nose wing width
  • Nasal collapse

Types of Cosmetic Rhinoplasty

Low Nasal Tip

The tip of the nose shifting to a lower level because of the back of the nose is called nasal tip drooping. Nasal tip drooping, which causes an aesthetically bad appearance, is eliminated by small interventions on the tip of the nose.

Arched Nose

The nasal structure may be arched as a result of an ethnic or developmental accident. In arched nose aesthetics, the covering process is generally performed and the back of the nose and the tip of the nose are shaped.

Large and Long Nose Structure

Large and long rhinoplasty is performed by performing the necessary interventions to achieve a natural appearance compatible with the face shape.

Crooked Rhinoplasty

A crooked nose is when the nose is curved or crooked in proportion to the face. It is a deformation that may occur genetically or after impact. The nose can stand to the right or left of the midline. Or there may be C curved nose deformity and S curved nose deformity.

Such problems can also cause respiratory problems in the person. Curved nose surgery is applied for these types of noses. It can be said that curved nose rhinoplasty is generally a difficult surgery. Therefore, choosing an experienced and successful aesthetic doctor is very important in this type of crooked nose surgery.

Thin Skin Rhinoplasty

A thin-skinned nose is when the skin structure on the nose is very thin, unlike thick skin. Thin-skinned nose surgery can be performed much more easily than thick-skinned nose surgery. The interventions made by the surgeon are more prominent in thin-skinned noses.

Thick Skin Rhinoplasty

Thick-skinned nasal structure, as the name suggests, consists of thick skin on the nose. One of the most striking conditions in thick-skinned nasal structure is that the skin of the nose is oily. On the other hand, pores are more prominent in this type of nose.

Nose surgeries performed in this context fall into the category of thick-skinned nose surgery. The time it takes for those who have thick-skinned rhinoplasty to return to their social life and the stages they go through are not much different from other types of nose surgery. Those who want to get more information about thick-skinned rhinoplasty can use the link below.

Wide Nose Aesthetics

A wide nose is when the sides of the nose have a larger area on the face. It is formed structurally. Nose types in this group are also called clown nose. The surgeries performed in this context are called wide nose surgery.

Those with this type of nose structure usually complain that their noses are wider and wider than normal. Therefore, aesthetics for wide noses is important for the self-confidence of many people with this type of nose. During wide nose plastic surgery, excess cartilage in the nose is removed. Subsequently, narrowing procedures are performed at the tip of the nose and the cartilage pieces are brought closer to each other.

Narrow Nose Aesthetics

A narrow nose is when the sides of the nose are much narrower than the area that the nose should cover. It occurs structurally. It can often cause a person to have an irritable and angry temperament. Narrow nose type is not only unfavorable not only in terms of aesthetic appearance but also in terms of health.

People with this type of nose can often face frequent blockage problems. Therefore, it is important for people with narrow nose type to have a narrow nose surgery both in terms of health and aesthetics.

High Projection Rhinoplasty

A high projection nose is when the nose stands very high compared to the face when viewed from the side. In such nose types, nose surgery is performed to reduce the size of the nose.

Rhinoplasty with Low Projection

The low projection nose type is a situation where the nose looks very low compared to the face when viewed from the side profile compared to the high projection nose type. In such nose types, nose surgery is performed for enlargement.

Wide Base Rhinoplasty

Another nose type that we will discuss in our article titled aesthetics according to nose type is the broad-based nose type. This type of nose is when the wings of the nose are wider than they should be and the base of the nose is flattened. Since aesthetics are important according to the nose structure, a certain surgical path is followed according to the broad-based nose type.

Short Nose Aesthetics

The short nose type is when the size of the nose is shorter than it should be compared to the long nose type. The structure of the face can also affect this situation. The noses of people with a wide or long facial line may appear shorter than they would normally appear. Just like with long noses, such noses also have an asymmetry in the face. Therefore, people with a short nose type often ask the question ‘How to lengthen a short nose? The only solution to this problem, which cannot be eliminated naturally, is to have a short nose surgery.

Semer Nose Aesthetics

Saddle nose type refers to collapsed noses. Saddle nose deformity can be congenital, but it can also occur later on due to impact. The need for saddle nose correction can also arise from an already performed surgery. This nose type takes its name from the seat used to sit on horses. The rhinoplasty performed for the saddle nose type, which can also be described as a flattened nose type, is called saddle nose surgery. For those with a flat nose tip, flat nose tip aesthetics is applied.

Parrot Rhinoplasty

This nose, as the name suggests, is the type of nose that looks like a parrot nose. It is usually seen after previous unsuccessful nose surgeries.

Pointed Nose Aesthetics

Pointed nose structure is a problem that occurs because the tip of the nose is too thin. Just like the narrow nose type, it can cause health problems such as difficult breathing and nasal obstruction as well as aesthetic appearance. Pointed nose surgery is a type of nose surgery performed on the patient’s nasal tip cartilages.

Collapse in the Nose

For different reasons, a gap occurs between the root of the nose and the tip of the nose. Due to this gap, the nose looks flatter and sunken. In the treatment of this collapse in the nose, the problem is solved with the piece taken from the patient.

Excessively Wide Nostrils and Wing

Nostril reduction surgery is performed in people with excessively wide nostrils and wings. Tissues are removed from the base of the nostril and necessary shaping is performed.

Nose Asymmetry

Every face differs from each other. Nasal asymmetry, which has visible differences when looked at, is eliminated by applying to the necessary parts.

As can be seen above, there are many reasons that may require cosmetic rhinoplasty. A person may have one of these problems or more than one.

Most of the time, correction of a key area can give results that allow the entire nose to balance better with the eyes, mouth, forehead and other parts of the face. For this, the nose structure and face of the person should be well analyzed; plastic surgery should be applied according to the nose type of the person.

What is Functional Rhinoplasty?

Functional nose surgery; It is called surgical interventions to correct the functions that the nose cannot fully fulfill, such as breathing, and to improve the patient’s quality of life. The main goal of functional rhinoplasty is to eliminate functional disorders in the nose.

Common problems seen in patients seeking functional rhinoplasty include very narrow nasal passages and a curved (or “deviated”) cartilage line known as the septum. A person’s septum may be misaligned due to its natural development, or it may have become crooked in the nose due to trauma.

In which cases should functional rhinoplasty be used?

  • Chronic sinus congestion caused by severe allergies
  • Blockage in the nostrils as a result of deviated septum
  • Large cartilages that can cause problems in the respiratory tract
  • Nasal polyps
  • Nose traumas
  • Functional disorders caused by a failed rhinoplasty in the past
  • Functional rhinoplasty is also performed in patients with obstruction due to sinus inflammation or upper respiratory tract infection and whose breathing does not improve with conservative treatment.

There are different types of functional rhinoplasty depending on what is causing the problem. A surgeon may need to operate on the following:

  • Septum: The bone and cartilage that divides your nose in two. Surgery may involve realigning the septum.
  • Nasal valves: Surgery may involve keeping them open using grafts
  • Turbinates: Bones in the nose that may need to be reduced in size.

Types of Functional Rhinoplasty

Deviated Septum

It is the curvature of the nasal bone that divides the two nostrils into two, which greatly affects breathing.

Nasal Polyps

Benign polyps form in the nose as a result of inflammation of the mucous membranes in the sinus and nasal passages. These polyps block the air flow in the air ducts and prevent the person from breathing.

Septum Perforation

Perforation of the nasal septum due to various reasons is called septum perforation. Nasal septum perforation, which is an important health problem, occurs with nasal trauma.

Revision Rhinoplasty

Septorhinoplasty surgery is performed to get rid of congenital or later bone curvature in the nose. With this surgery, you can get rid of the difficulty you have in breathing. Other functional problems in the nose include allergies, hormones or sinus infections that cause conchae to grow.

These structures, also known as nasal turbinates due to their shell-like shape, heat and moisturize the air as it moves through the nasal passages. The turbinates are made up of bone, blood vessels and other tissues and come in three pairs: two upper, two middle and two lower.

If the lower turbinates, the lowest and largest of the structures, swell, they can block nasal airflow on both the right and left sides of the nose. This disease, called turbinate hypertrophy, which weakens nasal breathing, is also treated with septorhinoplasty.

Dr. Görkem Atsal was born in Amasaya in 1988. He graduated from Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine in 2012. Specify graduation official (in year): 2012 Yozgat Intercession State Hospital(2012) Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Department of Anesthesia (2013) Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery (2014) Health Sciences University İzmir Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery (2015-2018) Turkish Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Association Facial Plastic Surgery School (2020-2021)