Dental Veneers

This article was updated on June 29th, 2024 at 09:44 am

What is Dental Veneering?

Dental veneers are thin, custom-made shells designed to cover the front surface of teeth. They are intended to improve the appearance of teeth by altering their color, shape, size, or length.

Veneers are typically made from porcelain or composite resin materials. Porcelain veneers are known for their ability to mimic the light-reflecting properties of natural teeth, while composite veneers offer an alternative that can be applied in a single dental visit.

Different Types of Veneers

There are several types of dental veneers, each with distinct features and benefits:

  • Porcelain Veneers (Crown): These veneers are the most popular due to their durability and natural appearance. They are custom-made in a dental laboratory and require multiple sessions for fitting and placement.
  • Porcelain Laminate Veneers: Porcelain laminates are applied to the front surface of teeth for aesthetic purposes. They are used to correct tooth color, shape, size, and minor alignment issues.
  • Composite Veneers: Made from tooth-colored resin, these veneers are applied directly to the teeth and can be completed in a single visit. They are more affordable than porcelain veneers but may not last as long.
  • Zirconium Veneers: Zirconium veneers are known for their high durability and superior aesthetics. Zirconium closely resembles the natural tooth color and can be used safely on back teeth due to its strength. Additionally, the low risk of allergic reactions makes zirconium veneers an ideal option for patients with sensitivities.

Benefits of Veneers

Cosmetic Advantages

The cosmetic benefits of dental veneers include:

  • Color: Veneers provide a uniform and bright appearance by covering teeth that are severely discolored and resistant to whitening treatments. Porcelain veneers can perfectly mimic the natural color of teeth.
  • Shape and Size: Veneers can be customized to change the shape and size of teeth, resulting in a more symmetrical and aesthetically pleasing smile. Chipped, broken, or irregularly shaped teeth can be corrected with veneers.
  • Stain Resistance: Porcelain veneers are highly resistant to stains. They show resistance to staining agents such as coffee, tea, and tobacco, ensuring that veneers remain white and bright for a long time.

Durability and Longevity

The durability and longevity of veneers are significant factors that make them a popular choice.

  • Durability: Porcelain veneers are highly durable due to their hard structure, making them resistant to daily wear and tear. Zirconium veneers are also known for their high durability and can be safely used on back teeth.
  • Longevity: With proper care, veneers can last 10-15 years or even longer. During this period, they maintain an aesthetic appearance while preserving the functionality of natural teeth.
  • Maintenance: Caring for veneers is similar to regular dental care. Regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups can extend the life of veneers.

Comparison with Other Treatments

Veneers offer several advantages when compared to other cosmetic dental treatments:

  • Whitening: Teeth whitening treatments typically provide temporary results and need to be repeated at regular intervals. Veneers, on the other hand, provide a permanent solution for a white smile.
  • Teeth Straightening: Braces and other orthodontic treatments can take a long time to correct teeth alignment. Veneers offer a quick solution for minor corrections and gaps.
  • Fillings and Crowns: While composite fillings and crowns are commonly used for dental restoration, veneers provide a more aesthetic and natural appearance.

Application Process

Initial Consultation

The first step is a comprehensive consultation with your dentist. During this meeting, your dentist will evaluate whether you are a suitable candidate for veneer treatment. Candidates typically have healthy teeth and gums. Your dentist will examine the current condition of your teeth to determine if veneers are the best solution for you.

Tooth Preparation

The preparation process involves removing a small amount of enamel from the front surface of the teeth. This procedure is necessary to ensure the veneers fit properly on the teeth. The removal of enamel is usually minimal and painless. If needed, local anesthesia can be applied before the procedure. At this stage, your dentist will take an impression of your teeth to obtain the precise measurements needed to create custom veneers.

Veneer Creation

After preparing your teeth, your dentist will send the impressions to a dental laboratory. In the lab, veneers made from porcelain or composite material are crafted to fit your teeth perfectly. This process typically takes a few weeks. During this time, temporary veneers may be applied to protect your teeth and provide an aesthetic appearance.

Veneer Placement

Once the veneers are ready, your dentist will proceed to the final stage. First, the dentist will check the color and fit of the veneers and make any necessary adjustments. Then, a special dental adhesive is applied to the surface of the teeth, and the veneers are placed on the teeth. A special light is used to harden the adhesive, ensuring the veneers bond strongly to the teeth. This process guarantees a perfect fit and durability for the veneers.


Regular brushing, flossing, and routine dental check-ups help maintain the health and aesthetics of the veneers. Additionally, avoiding hard foods and protecting your teeth from excessive force will extend the lifespan of the veneers.

dental coating

Considerations and Risks

Tooth Sensitivity and Damage

During the application of dental veneers, a portion of the enamel needs to be removed, which can cause tooth sensitivity in some patients. The thinning of the enamel can increase sensitivity to hot and cold foods and beverages. Additionally, veneers can crack or break over time, potentially causing further damage to the tooth. These issues can usually be easily repaired by your dentist.


Veneer treatment may not be suitable for everyone. Sufficient enamel thickness is required for the successful application of veneers. Conditions such as tooth decay, gum disease, or severe tooth damage may make veneer treatment unsuitable. In such cases, your dentist may evaluate alternative treatment options.

Potential Complications

Though rare, some complications can arise from veneer treatment.

Irritation or inflammation of the gums can occur if the veneers are placed close to the gum line. Additionally, improper placement or loosening of veneers over time can lead to tooth decay. Such complications are typically manageable and treatable by your dentist.

Long-Term Care

Regular maintenance and check-ups are essential for keeping veneers long-lasting and healthy. Good oral hygiene practices play a critical role in extending the life of veneers. Regular brushing and flossing help prevent the buildup of plaque and bacteria. Protecting your veneers from hard foods and avoiding excessive forces is also important. By following these practices, you can ensure that your veneers retain their aesthetic and functional qualities for many years.

Cost of Dental Veneers in Turkey

Dental veneers are a popular option for aesthetic dental treatments in Turkey, and costs can vary based on several factors. Compared to other countries, the cost of dental veneers in Turkey is generally more affordable, which is why many people choose Turkey for this treatment.

Factors Affecting the Cost

Several factors influence the cost of dental veneers:

Type of Material: Porcelain veneers are generally more expensive than composite veneers. Zirconium veneers may also come with a higher price tag due to their high durability.

Number of Teeth: The number of teeth being treated directly affects the cost. Typically, the cost per veneer ranges from 500 TL to 1000 TL.

Dentist’s Experience: More experienced and renowned dentists may charge higher fees for their services.

Clinic Location: The cost of veneers can vary depending on the city and region where the clinic is located. Prices may be higher in major cities and tourist areas.

Average Costs in Turkey

The average cost of dental veneers in Turkey generally ranges around 1500 TL to 3500 TL per veneer. This cost is significantly lower compared to many other countries, making Turkey an attractive destination for dental veneer treatments.

Type of VeneerAverage cost per tooth in Turkey
Porcelain Veneer€ 140
Composite Veneer€ 300
Zirconium Veneer€ 300
Laminated Veneer€ 350

Alternative Treatments to Veneers

Teeth Whitening

Teeth whitening is a popular cosmetic dental treatment aimed at achieving a whiter and brighter smile by lightening the color of teeth. This procedure removes stains and discoloration from the teeth without damaging the enamel. Teeth whitening can be done in the dentist’s office or at home using various kits. In-office whitening uses strong bleaching agents to provide faster and more effective results. Home whitening kits offer similar results over a longer period. This method is a more economical option compared to veneers and is ideal for individuals with minor discoloration.

Dental Bonding

Dental bonding involves applying a composite resin material to the teeth to improve their appearance. This method is used to correct minor aesthetic issues such as cracks, chips, gaps, and discoloration. Dental bonding is usually completed in a single session and requires minimal intervention to the tooth enamel. The composite resin is selected to match the color of the teeth, achieving a natural look. Dental bonding is a cost-effective alternative to veneers, suitable for patients requiring minor corrections.

Orthodontic Treatments

Orthodontic treatments are methods used to straighten and align teeth. Braces and Invisalign are common orthodontic options that ensure proper teeth alignment. Braces use metal brackets and wires to gradually move teeth into the correct position. Invisalign, on the other hand, uses nearly invisible and removable clear aligners to align teeth. These treatments are suitable for correcting more serious orthodontic issues such as crowded teeth, gaps between teeth, and misaligned jaws. Orthodontic treatments take longer to yield results compared to veneers but offer more permanent solutions by preserving the natural tooth structure.

Zirconium or Porcelain Laminate?

Zirconium Veneers:

  • Durability: Zirconium veneers are highly durable, making them suitable for back teeth where more force is applied during chewing.
  • Biocompatibility: They are known for their biocompatibility, meaning they are less likely to cause allergic reactions or irritation.

Porcelain Laminates:

  • Aesthetic Results: Porcelain laminates excel in providing superior aesthetic results and a natural appearance.
  • Preference for Front Teeth: They are particularly preferred for front teeth due to their ability to closely mimic the translucency and light-reflecting properties of natural teeth.

Porcelain Veneer or Laminate?

Porcelain Veneer:

  • Severe Damage: If the tooth is severely damaged or has a large filling, a porcelain veneer might be more appropriate.
  • Strength and Protection: Designed to strengthen and protect the tooth, porcelain veneers cover the entire tooth, necessitating the removal of more tooth enamel.

Porcelain Laminate:

  • Minimal Invasive Solution: Ideal for aesthetic improvements with minimal invasion, porcelain laminates require the removal of only a small amount of enamel from the front surface of the tooth.
  • Cosmetic Enhancement: They are applied to the front surface of the teeth for cosmetic purposes, such as improving the shape, size, or color of the teeth.